„асы на Arduino Nano и светодиодных матрицах 4x64 LED Matrix


03.09.2019, 13:01
»сточник: јрдуино радиолюбитель VK


 омплектующие дл€ сборки на али:
„асы на Arduino Nano и светодиодных матрицах 4x64 LED Matrix

ѕлата ардуино нано https://ali.pub/3q9jj2

—ветодиодные матрицы MAX7219 https://ali.pub/3q9jmk



‘оторезистор https://ali.pub/3q9jwa

ћодуль часов реального времени DS3231 https://ali.pub/3q9jz0

—хема сборки нашего јрдуино проекта

ѕример работы устройства

ѕример работы проекта ардуино

–аспиновка ардуино Nano 3.0:

–аспиновка јрдуино нано

—хема сборки робота

 од прошивки :

/*  Arduino Nano DS3231 clock with LED Matrix 4x(8x8) SPI
*  
*  Arduino Nano 5V logic - 32kB prog. space  
*  Tools:Board: Arduino Nano; Processor: ATmega328P (Old Bootloader)!!
*  LED Matrix 4x(8x8) SPI with connector on the right side (last module)
*  
*  CONNECTIONS:
*  >> LCD 4x64 -> Arduino Nano: (using Hardware SPI):   
* 5V   -> 5V pin
* GND -> GND pin
* CLK_PIN   ->  13  // or SCK
*   DATA_PIN   ->  11  // or MOSI
*   CS_PIN   ->  10  // or SS  
*  
*  >> DS3231 RTC -> Arduino Nano:
* SDA (DAT) -> A4
* SCL (CLK) -> A5
* Inspired by : 1) Arduino Clock by AnthoTRONICS Last edit: March 22,2019
* but without MD_parola because of its large footprint! New getdate function.
* 2) Simplest UNO Digital Clock Ever by plouc68000:
* https://create.arduino.cc/projecthub/plouc68000/simplest-uno-digital-clock-ever-4613aa?ref=user&ref_id=680368&offset=1
* 3) LEDDotMatrixClock.ino by Leonardo Sposina, but here without "Max72xxPanel.h"
* https://github.com/leonardosposina/arduino-led-dot-matrix-clock/blob/master/LEDDotMatrixClock/LEDDotMatrixClock.ino
* Not using Max72xxPanel.h, but small size digits are stll used. Small footprint code here.
* Replace in library MD_MAX72XX/src/MD_MAX72xx_font.cpp :
* 1)  #define USE_NEW_FONT 1
* 2)  fonts #148 ... 158 must be replaced with 3x5 fonts:
  3, 248, 136, 248, // 48 0
  3, 144, 248, 128, // 49 1
  3, 200, 168, 184, // 50 2
  3, 136, 168, 248, // 51 3
  3, 112, 72, 224,   // 52 4
  3, 184, 168, 232, // 53 5
  3, 248, 168, 232, // 54 6
  3, 8, 232, 24,   // 55 7
  3, 248, 168, 248, // 56 8
  3, 184, 168, 248, // 57 9
  1, 80,   // 58 :
*
* project: 13790 bytes (44%); variables 361 bytes (17%)
* Author: MVP https://www.hackster.io/M-V-P
*/

#include <SPI.h>
#include "DS3231.h"
#include "MD_MAX72xx_lib.h"
//#include "Font_Data.h"

DS3231 rtc(SDA, SCL); // Real time clock

const byte LDR_PIN = A2; // LDR Sensor pin

#define MAX_DEVICES  4
// Define pins
#define CLK_PIN 13  // or SCK
#define DATA_PIN  11  // or MOSI
#define CS_PIN   10  // or SS
#define HARDWARE_TYPE MD_MAX72XX::ICSTATION_HW

#define USE_NEW_FONT 1

#define BUF_SIZE   20  // text buffer size
#define CHAR_SPACING  1 // pixels between characters

char buf[BUF_SIZE], secs[4];
uint8_t dots;


// SPI hardware interface
// Max72xxPanel matrix = Max72xxPanel(CS_PIN, H_DISPLAYS, V_DISPLAYS);
MD_MAX72XX matrix = MD_MAX72XX(HARDWARE_TYPE, CS_PIN, MAX_DEVICES);

const byte WAIT = 100;
const byte SPACER = 1;
byte FONT_WIDTH;

bool timeset=false;

void adjustClock(String data) {
  byte _day = data.substring(0,2).toInt();
  byte _month = data.substring(3,5).toInt();
  int _year = data.substring(6,10).toInt();
  byte _hour = data.substring(11,13).toInt();
  byte _min = data.substring(14,16).toInt();
  byte _sec = data.substring(17,19).toInt();
  rtc.setTime(_hour, _min, _sec);
  rtc.setDate(_day, _month, _year);
  Serial.println(F(">> Datetime successfully set!"));
  timeset=true;
}

byte ledintensitySelect(int light) {
  byte _value = 0;
  if (light >= 0 && light <= 127) {
  _value = 12;
  } else if (light >= 128 && light <= 319) {
  _value = 3;
  } else if (light >= 320 && light <= 512) {
  _value = 0;
  }
  return _value;
};

 


void printText(uint8_t modStart, uint8_t modEnd, char *pMsg)
// Print the text string to the LED matrix modules specified.
// Message area is padded with blank columns after printing.
{
  uint8_t state = 0;
  uint8_t curLen;
  uint16_t  showLen;
  uint8_t cBuf[FONT_WIDTH];
  int16_t col = ((modEnd + 1) * COL_SIZE) - 1;

  matrix.control(modStart, modEnd, MD_MAX72XX::UPDATE, MD_MAX72XX::OFF);

  do // finite state machine to print the characters in the space available
  {
  switch(state)
  {
  case 0: // Load the next character from the font table
  // if we reached end of message, reset the message pointer
  if (*pMsg == '\0')
  {
  showLen = col - (modEnd * COL_SIZE);  // padding characters
  state = 2;
  break;
  }

  // retrieve the next character form the font file
  showLen = matrix.getChar(*pMsg++, sizeof(cBuf)/sizeof(cBuf[0]), cBuf);
  curLen = 0;
  state++;
  // !! deliberately fall through to next state to start displaying

  case 1: // display the next part of the character
  matrix.setColumn(col--, cBuf[curLen++]);

  // done with font character, now display the space between chars
  if (curLen == showLen)
  {
  showLen = CHAR_SPACING;
  state = 2;
  }
  break;

  case 2: // initialize state for displaying empty columns
  curLen = 0;
  state++;
  // fall through

  case 3:  // display inter-character spacing or end of message padding (blank columns)
  matrix.setColumn(col--, 0);
  curLen++;
  if (curLen == showLen)
  state = 0;
  break;

  default:
  col = -1; // this definitely ends the do loop
  }
  } while (col >= (modStart * COL_SIZE));

  matrix.control(modStart, modEnd, MD_MAX72XX::UPDATE, MD_MAX72XX::ON);
}


void setup() {
  pinMode(LDR_PIN, INPUT_PULLUP);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println(F(">> Arduino 32x8 LED Dot Matrix Clock!"));
  Serial.println(F(">> Use <dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm:ss> format to set clock's date and hour!"));
  rtc.begin();
  matrix.begin();
  matrix.clear();
  FONT_WIDTH= 5 + SPACER; // The font width is 5 pixels  
  matrix.control(MD_MAX72XX::INTENSITY, 2);; // Use a value between 0 and 15 for brightness
}

void getDate()
// Date Setup: Code for reading clock date
{ char*  months[]={"Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun","Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"};

  String dts = rtc.getDateStr();   // Get dd/mm/yyyy string
  String dds=dts.substring(0,2);   // Extract date
  String mms=dts.substring(3,5);   // Extract month
  int mm=mms.toInt(); // Convert to month number
  dds.concat(" ");
  dds.concat(String(months[mm-1])); // Rebuild date string as "dd Mmm"
  dds.toCharArray(buf,sizeof(buf)); // return buffer
}

void getHour()
// Date Setup: Code for reading clock date
{ char*  months[]={"Jan","Feb","Mar","Apr","May","Jun","Jul","Aug","Sep","Oct","Nov","Dec"};

  String dts = rtc.getTimeStr();   // Get hh:mm:ss string
  String hhs=dts.substring(0,2);   // Extract hour
  int hh=hhs.toInt(); // Convert to number
  if (hh < 10) dots=7;
  if(hh > 19 && hh < 24)
  dots=13;
  if ((hh > 9 && hh < 20) || (hh == 21))
  dots=11;  
  if (hh == 1) dots=5;
  if (hh == 11) dots=10;
  //String outmsg=dts.substring(0,5);   // Extract hh:mm (optional)
  String outmsg=String(hh);   // Extract h if h<10
  outmsg.concat(":");   // add :
  outmsg.concat(dts.substring(3,5)); // add mm
  outmsg.toCharArray(buf,BUF_SIZE);

}

void showsec()
{
  String dts = rtc.getTimeStr();   // Get hh:mm:ss string
  String scs1=dts.substring(6,7);
  String scs2=dts.substring(7);  
  char sc1=148+scs1.toInt();   // Convert to index of char
  char sc2=148+scs2.toInt();   // Convert to index of char
  matrix.setChar(6,sc1);
  matrix.setChar(2,sc2);
}

 

void loop() {
  byte ledIntensity = ledintensitySelect(analogRead(LDR_PIN));
  matrix.control(MD_MAX72XX::INTENSITY, ledIntensity);; // Use a value between 0 and 15 for brightness

  // Show hh:mm from buf
  getHour();
  printText(0,MAX_DEVICES-1,buf);
  delay(WAIT);

  // Blinking two dots:
  for (uint8_t i=0; i<8; i++){
  matrix.setColumn(MAX_DEVICES*8-dots,36);
  showsec();
  delay(250);
  matrix.setColumn(MAX_DEVICES*8-dots,0);
  showsec();
  delay(250);
  }

  // Exit by scrolling upwards:
  for (uint8_t i=0; i<8; i++){
  matrix.transform(MD_MAX72XX::TSU); delay(2*WAIT);
  delay(WAIT);
  }
   
  getDate();
  printText(0,MAX_DEVICES-1,buf);
  delay(20*WAIT);

  int temp = rtc.getTemp();
  temp=temp-1; // Offset -1 C
  String outmsg=String(temp);
  outmsg.concat(" C");
  outmsg.toCharArray(buf,BUF_SIZE);
  printText(0,MAX_DEVICES-1,buf);
  delay(20*WAIT);
 
  // Time setting in RTC:
  if (Serial.available() > 0 && timeset==false) {
  adjustClock(Serial.readString());
  }

}


 лючевые слова:
ардуино нано
схема ардуино
схема проекта
ардуино проект
nano
Arduino
matrix
void
DEVICES
Extract
Serial
include
Matrix
Convert
робот
робототехника


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